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There is hardly any other food that is as controversial as milk! Is milk healthy, does milk make you fat? Does milk cause cancer? We have the answers!
The fact is: we love milk, no matter what form, and we are also allowed, because 90 percent of people in northern Europe can digest lactose even in adulthood. The rest of the world, on the other hand, gradually loses this ability, about 90 percent after infancy.
Untreated, that is, directly from the cow's udder, the milk still tastes "real". And then you will notice at the latest that every cow has its own note, so the milk tastes sometimes sweet, sometimes salty. Raw milk connoisseurs claim that it is due to the age of the calf. If the cow has just calved, the milk should taste sweeter and creamy. But if the calf is a bit older, the taste of the milk changes to salty.
But nowadays consumers hardly know these differences in the taste of cow's milk. In addition, the milk from the supermarket is heat-treated, as it is required by law to pasteurize raw milk before it goes on sale. This brief heating kills off pathogenic germs.
How healthy or unhealthy is milk?
Many people believe that pasteurization harms vitamins, but Professor Ulrich Kulozik from the Chair of Food Process Engineering and Dairy Technology at the Technical University of Munich was able to refute this prejudice in a study.
"Long-life milk is the product that undergoes the most intensive heat treatment compared to ESL milk and fresh milk. Even there, we only find vitamin losses of no more than 3 percent. The other products are treated less intensively and therefore hardly have any change. As a result, it is harmful Pasteurization process doesn't use vitamins at all."
The other valuable ingredients such as calcium, protein and lactose also remain completely unchanged.
But be careful: If you boil raw milk for consumption at home, you damage the vitamins, as it takes significantly longer in the saucepan to reach the desired temperature.
Does milk make you fat?
Because of its high nutritional value, milk is not a drink but a food. But you can't say that milk makes you "fat". A lack of exercise and a generally unhealthy diet are more likely the trigger for too much hip gold.
Nevertheless, the following applies: If you want to lose weight, or for those people with lipid metabolism disorders, you should use the low-fat milk variant.
All those people who do not have this "problem" should definitely consume whole milk, because in the Whole milk contain more fat-soluble vitamins (E, D, K & A).
People with a lactose intolerance should definitely use lactose-free products.
Does milk cause cancer?
Whether milk promotes cancer or not - a lot of research is and has been done on this. However, the study results are by no means clear.
Nutritionist Sabine Häberlein provides information on the current state of affairs:
"At the moment the study is such that increased milk consumption can lower the risk of colon cancer. However, milk consumption may increase the risk of prostate cancer. However, only if a lot of calcium and little vitamin D are consumed at the same time Eat more than 1,500 mg calcium per day and make sure that you get enough vitamin D. The study situation is not clear in breast cancer. However, milk consumption may reduce the risk of breast cancer."
Except Fiber Milk contains almost everything a person needs to survive.
Milk is made up of around 87% water and 4% off fat. The remaining 9% of the so-called "fat-free dry matter" consists of 4, 7% lactose (Milk sugar), 3, 3% protein (2.8% casein and 0.5% whey protein), 0.75% Minerals (Calcium, potassium and phosphorus compounds), 0, 2% citric acid as Vitamins and Enzymes.